(born in 1921 in Hamburg, died in 1947 in Basel) first worked as a bookseller and actor before being posted to the Eastern Front as a soldier in 1941. He was twice arrested and imprisoned for subversion. When he returned to Hamburg in 1945, he was already seriously ill. His melancholic poems and short stories articulate the bitterness and grief of ‘a betrayed generation’ like no other writer’s. His biggest success came with the drama Draußen vor der Tür (1947). Wolfgang Borchert is considered the precursor of the post-war German literature.